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The German Army - Blitzkrieg 1939-1941 (Concord No6001)

 
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The German Army - Blitzkrieg 1939-1941 (Concord No6001)
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Guderian,,,Heinz,,(1999),,[1937]After,,,becoming,,,head,,,of,,,government,,,in,,,1933,,,,Adolf,,,Hitler,,,ignored,,,the,,,Versailles,,,Treaty,,,provisionsHTTP,,,Error,,,404,,,-,,,File,,,or,,,directory,,,not,,,found.Internet,,,Information,,,Services,,,(IIS)Rather,,than,,receiving,,an,,explicit,,order,,,a,,commander,,would,,be,,told,,of,,his,,superior's,,intent,,and,,the,,role,,which,,his,,unit,,was,,to,,fill,,in,,this,,conceptCitino,,point,,out,,that,,the,,Germans,,had,,always,,had,,a,,marked,,preference,,for,,short,,,decisive,,campaigns,,,,but,,were,,unable,,to,,achieve,,short-order,,victories,,in,,First,,World,,War,,conditionsOsprey,,,PublishingCombined,,,tank,,,,artillery,,,,infantry,,,and,,,air,,,forces,,,were,,,usedWatt,,,Robert,,(2008)^,,,,Glantz,,,,&,,,,House,,,,2004,,,,,p.6364Student,,,described,,,it,,,as,,,ideas,,,that,,,"naturally,,,emerged,,,from,,,the,,,existing,,,circumstances",,,as,,,a,,,response,,,to,,,operational,,,challenges.[11],,,The,,,Wehrmacht,,,never,,,officially,,,adopt,,,it,,,as,,,a,,,concept,,,or,,,doctrine.[a],,,In,,,2005,,,,Karl-Heinz,,,Frieser,,,summarized,,,blitzkrieg,,,as,,,simply,,,the,,,result,,,of,,,German,,,commanders,,,using,,,the,,,latest,,,technology,,,in,,,the,,,most,,,beneficial,,,way,,,according,,,to,,,traditional,,,military,,,principles,,,and,,,employing,,,"the,,,right,,,units,,,in,,,the,,,right,,,place,,,at,,,the,,,right,,,time".[12],,,Modern,,,historians,,,now,,,understand,,,blitzkrieg,,,as,,,the,,,outcome,,,of,,,the,,,rejuvenation,,,of,,,the,,,traditional,,,German,,,military,,,principles,,,,methods,,,and,,,doctrines,,,of,,,the,,,19th,,,century,,,with,,,the,,,latest,,,weapon,,,systems,,,of,,,the,,,interwar,,,period.[13]The,,,,German,,,,invasion,,,,of,,,,France,,,,,with,,,,subsidiary,,,,attacks,,,,on,,,,Belgium,,,,and,,,,the,,,,Netherlands,,,,,consisted,,,,of,,,,two,,,,phases,,,,,Operation,,,,Yellow,,,,(Fall,,,,Gelb),,,,and,,,,Operation,,,,Red,,,,(Fall,,,,Rot)War,,,and,,,economy,,,in,,,the,,,Third,,,ReichNewton,,,,Steven,,,(2002)Panzer,,,Divisions:,,,The,,,Eastern,,,Front,,,1941-43Hitler,,,,had,,,,intended,,,,for,,,,a,,,,rapid,,,,unlimited,,,,war,,,,to,,,,occur,,,,much,,,,later,,,,than,,,,1939,,,,,but,,,,the,,,,Third,,,,Reich's,,,,aggressive,,,,foreign,,,,policy,,,,forced,,,,the,,,,Nazi,,,,state,,,,into,,,,war,,,,before,,,,it,,,,was,,,,ready^,,,Frieser,,,&,,,Greenwood,,,2005,,,,pp.2527The,,,,German,,,,Army,,,,,19331945:,,,,Its,,,,Political,,,,and,,,,Military,,,,FailureV(German,,,armed,,,forces,,,,June,,,1942),,,New,,York:,,Hippocrene,,BooksReden,,,,und,,,,Proklmationen,,,,19321945New,,,York:,,,Jove,,,BooksThe,,German,,army,,,contrary,,to,,the,,blitzkrieg,,legend,,,was,,not,,fully,,motorised,,and,,had,,only,,120,000,,vehicles,,,compared,,to,,the,,300,000,,of,,the,,French,,Army^,,,Guderian,,,2001,,,,p.94ISBN0-14303-765-X^,,Frieser,,&,,Greenwood,,2005,,,pp.145182^,,,,Falls,,,,&,,,,Becke,,,,1930,,,,,pp.4701,,,,,4801,,,,,485The,,manoeuvrability,,and,,technical,,capability,,of,,the,,next,,generation,,of,,bombers,,would,,be,,as,,unstoppable,,as,,the,,flight,,of,,a,,shell.[118],,Heinz,,,,Guderian,,,,referred,,,,to,,,,it,,,,as,,,,a,,,,word,,,,coined,,,,by,,,,the,,,,Allies:,,,,"as,,,,a,,,,result,,,,of,,,,the,,,,successes,,,,of,,,,our,,,,rapid,,,,campaigns,,,,our,,,,enemiesResearch,,survey,,(Combat,,Studies,,Institute)To,,,,Lose,,,,a,,,,Battle:,,,,France,,,,1940Further,,,reading[edit]^,,,,Glantz,,,,&,,,,House,,,,2004,,,,,p.6365ISBN9780029347157In,,English,,and,,other,,languages,,,the,,term,,had,,been,,used,,since,,the,,1920s.[4],,The,,British,,press,,used,,it,,to,,describe,,the,,German,,successes,,in,,Poland,,in,,September,,1939,,,in,,the,,words,,of,,one,,scholar,,"as,,a,,piece,,of,,journalistic,,sensationalism,,,,a,,buzz-word,,with,,which,,to,,label,,the,,spectacular,,early,,successes,,of,,the,,Germans,,in,,the,,Second,,World,,War",,.[21],,It,,was,,later,,applied,,to,,the,,bombing,,of,,Britain,,,particularly,,London,,,hence,,"The,,Blitz",,.[21],,The,,German,,popular,,press,,followed,,suit,,only,,some,,nine,,months,,later,,,after,,the,,fall,,of,,France,,in,,1940;,,hence,,although,,the,,word,,had,,been,,used,,in,,German,,,it,,was,,first,,popularized,,by,,British,,journalism.[5][8][22]Blitzkrieg,,,,was,,,,not,,,,a,,,,doctrine,,,,,or,,,,an,,,,operational,,,,scheme,,,,,or,,,,even,,,,a,,,,tactical,,,,systemThose,,,attacks,,,combined,,,with,,,Maxime,,,Weygand's,,,Hedgehog,,,tactic,,,would,,,become,,,the,,,major,,,basis,,,for,,,responding,,,to,,,blitzkrieg,,,attacks,,,in,,,the,,,future:,,,deployment,,,in,,,depth,,,,permitting,,,enemy,,,or,,,"shoulders",,,of,,,a,,,penetration,,,was,,,essential,,,to,,,channelling,,,the,,,enemy,,,attack,,,,and,,,artillery,,,,properly,,,employed,,,at,,,the,,,shoulders,,,,could,,,take,,,a,,,heavy,,,toll,,,of,,,attackersISBN978-0-7006-1624-4Several,,,,German,,,,officers,,,,and,,,,commanders,,,,involved,,,,in,,,,the,,,,operation,,,,wrote,,,,their,,,,account,,,,of,,,,the,,,,battle,,,,after,,,,the,,,,war,,,,,and,,,,some,,,,of,,,,these,,,,postwar,,,,accounts,,,,were,,,,collected,,,,by,,,,the,,,,US,,,,Army^,,,Some,,,of,,,the,,,military,,,historians,,,who,,,consider,,,Operation,,,Citadel,,,,or,,,at,,,least,,,the,,,southern,,,pincer,,,,as,,,envisioning,,,a,,,blitzkrieg,,,attack,,,or,,,state,,,it,,,was,,,intended,,,as,,,such,,,are:,,,Lloyd,,,Clark,,,(Clark,,,2012,,,,p.187),,,,Roger,,,Moorhouse,,,(Moorhouse,,,2011,,,,p.342),,,,Mary,,,Kathryn,,,Barbier,,,(Barbier,,,2002,,,,p.10),,,,David,,,Glantz,,,(Glantz,,,1986,,,,p.24;,,,Glantz,,,&,,,House,,,2004,,,,pp.63,,,,78,,,,149,,,,269,,,,272,,,,280),,,,Jonathan,,,House,,,(Glantz,,,&,,,House,,,2004,,,,pp.63,,,,78,,,,149,,,,269,,,,272,,,,280),,,,Hedley,,,Paul,,,Willmott,,,(Willmott,,,1990,,,,p.300),,,,Oscar,,,Pinkus,,,(Pinkus,,,2005,,,,p.35),,,and,,,others 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